Just when you think you’ve won the battle with acne, there it is! The acne scars. It is truly frustrating when you’ve already struggled with acne and then comes the scars. Acne scars are something that is not talked about much. They leave back an ample amount of stress. Coming to the next question, what are acne scars?
Acne scars are basically changes in the texture and discoloration of the skin. When acne lesions are inflamed, it results in scars. The acne penetrates deep into the skin. This triggers the healing response of the body and leads to the formation of scars. When acne damages the collagen, it results in scarring of the skin.
UNDERSTANDING DIFFERENT TYPES OF ACNE SCARS
Let’s find out the different types of Acne Scars
These scars are broad and have shallow depressions. They have a rectangular box-like shape and have well-defined edges.
Ice Pick Scars
They look like small and deep pits. These scars extend into the skin. The marks look like marks left by an ice pick or a sharp instrument.
They occur when there is an excess of collagen production. These scars are thick, raised, and often have a pink or red color.
They have a rolling or wave-like appearance. When fibrous tissue develops between the skin and underlying structure, it leads to rolling scars.
These are not actual scars. PIH are dark spots or patches that are left back after the acne lesions are healed.
Similar to hypertrophic scars, they are raised and thick. However, keloids can extend beyond the boundary of acne lesions and continue to grow.
HOW TO GET RID OF ACNE SCARS?
The first line of defense. They exfoliate the skin and promote collagen production. It is advisable to look out for products containing ingredients such as retinoids, alpha hydroxy acids, and vitamin C. These ingredients have proven to be effective in reducing the scars. Consistency is important. Make sure you stick to the instructions given by your dermatologist.
Chemical peels work on a deeper level. This includes applying a chemical solution to the skin. This solution exfoliates the outer layer of the skin. Chemical peels remove dead skin cells, stimulate collagen production, and improve skin texture. This procedure should be handled by a professional.
Laser treatments work by using light to damage the top layer of the skin. They stimulate the production of collagen and improve the skin texture. They reduce redness and improve the overall skin tone. Laser therapy may require several sessions depending on the severity of the scars.
This procedure includes removing the outer layer of the skin with a rotating brush or a diamond-tipped instrument. This is particularly effective for treating acne scars that are deep. Dermabrasion encourages the growth of healthier skin cells by stimulating collagen production. This procedure has a risk of causing an infection and scarring if not done right. It should be handled by a professional.
Microneedling is also known as collagen induction therapy. This procedure uses tiny needles. These needles create controlled micro-injuries on the skin. This stimulates the production of collagen and improves the growth of healthy skin cells. This fills in the scars and leads to an even and smooth skin texture. Microneedling can be effective for treating mild to moderate acne scars.
This procedure combines two techniques, microneedling and radiofrequency. It is used to improve skin texture and rejuvenate the skin. A device with tiny needles is used which emits radiofrequency energy. Initially, a numbing cream is applied to the skin to avoid discomfort. Then, the device creates microscopic punctures on the skin. These needles deliver radiofrequency energy into the deeper layers as they penetrate the skin.
Dermal Fillers help treat certain types of acne scars. Dermal Fillers contain a substance that plumps up the depressed scar and evens out with the surrounding skin. The skin appears smoother. However, the effects are temporary. The duration ranges from a few months to a year. It depends on the filler used.
This is a procedure where a needle is used to break down fibrous scar tissue beneath the skin’s surface. This allows the skin to lift and smoothen out.
Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF)
PRF is derived from the person’s own blood. This is used to aid tissue healing and regeneration. A small amount of blood is centrifuged. This separates the blood components. PRF includes extracting and collecting a gel-like substance, including platelets and other bioactive molecules. It can be applied topically or injected into the tissue.
Dealing with acne scars requires a combination of consistency and patience. No matter what way you choose to deal with it, it will take time. At times, it might be required to combine different methods to deal with the scars. Just don’t lose hope.
It’s emotionally overwhelming to deal with scars. Embrace the process and it’ll take you one step closer. Just remember, every skin is beautiful!